MIDDLE SCHOOL REQUIRED CLASSES
The fifth grade reading program is designed to help students develop reading speed and increase comprehension, analyze different types of literature, improve flow and expression of oral reading, increase speaking and listening vocabulary, and develop an appreciation of literature. The curriculum includes six novels, speed and comprehension drills, and passages from three readers. In addition, students participate in the Scholastic Reading Counts Program and Book It! for self-selected reading and book reports.
Language Arts 5
Abeka Languages 5 provides a thorough review of the parts of speech, and capitalization and punctuation rules. Students are introduced to the four main types of complements. These are added to their diagramming skills. Writing skills are strengthened through creative writing assignments, reports, and a researching paper that involves outlining, note taking, and preparing a bibliography.
The spelling component of the curriculum uses Abeka Spelling 5 which focuses on correct usage and spelling as well as vocabulary words and dictionary skills. A collection of poetry is included for appreciation and memorization.
The goal of this course is to use quality literature to further develop reading fluency and comprehension skills; facilitate vocabulary acquisition; teach literary elements and technique; activate and deepen prior knowledge of the subject matter; encourage students to make real life connections to the text; and expose students to a variety of literary genres. This course is designed so that one novel is studied in-depth each quarter, with each novel being from a different genre and emphasizing various literary techniques. Homework and quizzes are administered throughout each book. The reading and studying of each novel concludes with a test over the entire book and/or a culminating project. Students are also responsible for independently reading one book per quarter from a specified genre and then submitting a book report, project, or giving an oral presentation for evaluation of material mastery.
Language Arts 6
The GCA language arts course for sixth grade consists of grammar and composition. The goal of this class is for students to learn and appreciate the orderly structure of language. Students study the eight parts of speech and Standard English conventions. They also diagram sentences. They learn and apply the steps of the writing process. The students use this structure in the development of complete and orderly written thought as well as make application of it in speaking.
There are 12 units in the grammar and composition component of this course. Each unit provides approximately three weeks of instructional material and concludes with a test. The students produce a variety of written work that includes, but is not limited to, descriptive paragraphs, essays, journals, poems, creative writing, reports, and a research paper. This course concludes with a comprehensive grammar final exam.
Seventh grade spelling and vocabulary focuses on principles such as meanings of prefixes and suffixes, root words from Greek and Latin, and how to discern the meaning of a new word based on already understood concepts. The comprehensive Analytical Grammar program, a systematic and logical approach to teaching all the basics of grammar in seasonal unit studies, covers parts of speech, parts of the sentence and the basics of sentence diagramming in the first season and all the phrases and clauses in the second season.
The Institute for Excellent in Writing (IEW) student intensives breaks down the art of writing into two areas: structure and style. By layering these two components, students develop competency, independence, fluency and creativity all within a system that provides for concrete evaluation and measurable achievement.
This course builds upon the skills taught in seventh grade English by utilizing the same components of spelling and vocabulary, grammar and composition, and reading comprehension and literary appreciation. Students continue their study of Greek and Latin prefixes, suffixes, and roots in order to determine the meaning of new words. Spelling is based on vocabulary lessons and is included as part of the writing process. The formal study of grammar using the Analytical Grammar curriculum continues with a review of all grammar concepts and a focus on punctuation rules. The second year of the Institute for Excellent in Writing’s composition curriculum provides for many opportunities to expand writing skills both in structure and style.
Grade 5 Math allows students to build on their foundational knowledge of the four mathematical operations while introducing them to higher level skills and critical thinking. Throughout the school year, fifth grade students become more in tune with their number sense and mathematical confidence. Students explore the concepts of decimals, fractions, and fractions with mixed numbers.
Students will build on their knowledge of geometry by identifying polygons and finding area and perimeter of triangles, parallelograms, and circles. Algebra is used to evaluate simple expressions and inequalities. Students also explore graphing and probability including circle graphs and statistics. Mathematics continues to build on previous skills so review is constantly incorporated.
In sixth grade math students learn and become proficient in the foundational skills of mathematics. The students develop skills in the areas of number sense, computation, algebra and algebraic functions, measurement, geometry, data analysis, probability, and problem solving. The course consists of daily lessons, quizzes, chapter tests, and a comprehensive final exam.
*We offer two mathematics classes for students in 7/8th grade. Students are placed in the class that will best meet their needs
Students continue to develop skills in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing integers, fractions, mixed numbers, decimal numbers, and integers. They solve problems using percentages, including calculating discounts and markups. Students extend their understanding of numbers to include irrational numbers. They also expand their knowledge of geometric shapes and calculating area of those shapes, as well as their knowledge of geometric solids and volume of solids. A major emphasis in this course is on developing strategies for and expertise in solving word problems. Continuous review of skills learned helps to develop mastery in all areas.
Pre-Algebra lays the groundwork for all upper-level mathematics. It is the bridge between concrete and abstract mathematics. The primary focus of this course is to expose students to the formal notation of abstract mathematics and step by step processing. Problem solving is heavily integrated throughout the entire course in order to connect abstract mathematics to concrete situations. It is desired that students become fluent in basic computations and become fluent in basic computations and develop a solid comprehension of the numbering system, geometric shapes, calculating lengths, areas, and volumes, beginning algebra terminology, data analysis tools and probability techniques,and mathematical reasoning. This course is the key to a successful experience in upper-level mathematics.
Prerequisite for eighth grade students: B or higher in pre-Algebra
Students will develop skills in manipulating algebraic expressions and equations and in translating verbal phrases and sentences into algebraic expressions and equations. Students will learn the concepts of slope and rates of change, properties of exponents and the techniques of manipulating expressions with exponents, and how to solve systems of equations. Students will also learn to solve and graph linear, quadratic, and absolute value equations and inequalities. A major goal of this course is for students to gain expertise in using algebraic models to solve real-life situations
Science / Health 5
Science is best learned through exploration and discovery. The Interactive Pearson curriculum focuses on hands on experiences which will sharpen the student’s investigative skills. Each unit contains the traditional approach of reading the material and answering questions paired with at least two hands on investigations. Each unit also contains digital content which the teacher will share using both Smart Board and Chromebook technology. Fifth grade explores the topics of classifying organisms, growth and survival, and structure and function. They also cover ecosystems, the water cycle, and weather. They will continue by learning about earth and space. Finally they wrap up the year with a study of matter, forces, motion, and energy.
The sixth grade science course is designed to develop a greater knowledge and wonder of God and to promote scientific literacy through the knowledge of science and the development of scientific skills and attitudes. Each student acquires factual information on a variety of topics from the various fields of science. Technology is utilized as it relates to the various topics of study. The students develop the scientific skills of observation, higher level questioning, generalizing, and making application across the disciplines. The students learn and apply the scientific method as they design and conduct investigations. They collect, organize, display, analyze, and interpret data. The students also study the lives of famous scientists to identify attitudes that characterize successful scientists.
This course includes daily assignments, investigations, and unit tests. It concludes with a comprehensive exam.
NOTE: The first six weeks of this course is devoted to teaching the foundations of science from a Christian perspective. The foundations component of this course defines evolution as faith based thought and non-science. The theories of evolution and creation are compared and examined in-depth. Political, economical, social, and ethical ramifications for embracing each of these theories are discussed.
The seventh grade science curriculum flows from the Pearson Interactive Science textbook for Indiana. Students begin each year learning about the scientific method and taking time to focus on the importance of math in science. Much of the seventh grade year focuses on physical science topics from physics and geology. These topics include forces and motion, energy transfer, energy resources, waves and sound, and electromagnetic waves under the physics category. We end the year looking at the form of the earth, minerals, and rocks. Students learn to use basic lab tools and are required to turn in a project each quarter that exhibits their learning. Through the course students keep notecards of all vocabulary and their definitions to promote scientific literacy. The Pearson write-in textbooks also aid in this area of growth. Although GCA uses a secular textbook, the course is taught with a Biblical Worldview.
Students begin eighth grade learning about the scientific method and taking time to focus on the importance of math in science. The main textbook for the eighth grade science curriculum is the Pearson Interactive Science textbook for Indiana. Eighth grade year focuses on physical science topics from chemistry and earth science. During the first semester we cover atomic theory, the periodic table, and how atoms join together. The second semester begins with a study of the water cycle and progresses through types of bodies of water. We move to the sky and study the layers of the atmosphere, the energy in the atmosphere, and weather. Students learn to use basic lab tools and are required to turn in a project each quarter that exhibits their learning. Through the course students keep notecards of all vocabulary and their definitions to promote scientific literacy. The Pearson write-in textbooks also aid in this area of growth. Although GCA uses a secular textbook, the course is taught with a Biblical Worldview.
US History 5
This course is a study of 20th Century America including American presidents, wars, economics, civil rights, and space exploration. Map reading skills improve through geography activities.
History / Geography 6
The goal of this course is to present history from prehistory to the Columbian Exchange from a Christian worldview. History is really HIS STORY and without God in the equation, nothing really seems to make sense when studying the past. Using the Bob Jones Heritage Studies 6 textbook and workbook as a base, the class studies features of ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Israel, and Mesoamerica as well as compares and contrasts key historical eras, geographical locations, events, beliefs, and people to gain a deeper understanding and application into both that time in history as well as the present day. Besides textbooks, this class will use resources such as primary and secondary articles, video clips, projects, and creative activities to reinforce the ideas being taught about the subject matter at hand in a memorable way. Students will study about eight units over the course of the year. Each unit will have homework, quizzes, and a unit test. Twice a year, there will be a cumulative test/final that covers material from several units.
World Studies 7
Using a textbook by a Christian publisher, the role of God throughout history as well as relationships between God and peoples of a region are explored in this course. Students study examples of people and nations who either followed or failed to follow God’s standard and His resulting blessing or judgment. The textbook is divided into four sections and each section is covered during each of the nine weeks periods: Part 1 covers 1100–1650 and includes bits of history from early towns through the developments in Africa. Part 2 (1400–1800) picks up at the age of exploration and the forming of the Americas. Part 3 touches on the time of conquests in Asia and Europe in the 1800’s, and the final section focuses on the last century of major changes in geography, technology and people.
American Republic 8
In middle school, a history course is truly social studies. The lessons are less about names and dates and more about culture, geography and events. Because the curriculum used for this course is a textbook by a Christian publisher, the role of God throughout American history and relationships between God and peoples of this region are explored. Students in this course study examples of people and nations who either followed or failed God’s standard and His resulting blessing or judgment. The textbook divides the history of the United States into seven eras, and through each time period students take an in depth look at God’s providence, human activity, foreign relations and the growth of God’s church. Woven throughout this historical tapestry are the past consequences of decisions, both good and bad, which testify that Biblical principles are true and that God oversees the course of history.